In office
Prime Minister
Liberal Party of Canada
2,031 days in office
42nd Parliament of Canada
03 Dec 2015 - 11 Sep 2019
43rd Parliament of Canada
05 Dec 2019 - Present

The 2019 Canadian federal election (formally the 43rd Canadian general election) was held on October 21, 2019 to elect members of the House of Commons to the 43rd Canadian Parliament.

The Liberal Party, led by incumbent Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, won 157 seats to form a minority government. The Liberals lost the majority government they had secured in the previous federal election in 2015. They also lost the popular vote to the Conservatives, which marks only the second time in Canadian history that a governing party formed a government while receiving less than 35 per cent of the national popular vote.

For an assessment of this government’s performance during its first mandate (2015-2019), see Birch and Pétry (2019), Bilan du gouvernement libéral de Justin Trudeau : 353 promesses et un mandat de changement, published by Les Presses de l’Université Laval.

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Promise History

1.07.02 - “We will let charities do their work free from political harassment. We will modernize the rules governing the charitable and not-for-profit sectors by clarifying the rules governing political activity. A new legislative framework will emerge from this.”

In progress

Introduction and First Reading

“(11) Section 149.‍1 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (10): Public policy activities (10.‍1) Subject to subsections (6.‍1) and (6.‍2), public policy dialogue and development activities carried on by an organization, corporation or trust in support of its stated purposes shall be considered to be carried on in furtherance of those purposes and not for any other purpose.”


“The Government has pledged to allow charities to do their work on behalf of Canadians free from political harassment, and promised to clarify the rules governing political activity, with an understanding that charities make an important contribution to public policy. An expert panel was created to study the issue of political activities by charities, and in 2017 this panel provided a series of recommendations to the Government based on consultations held with charities. The Government will provide a response to this report in the coming months.”


“The Report presents the Panel’s recommendations, which are designed to clarify and broaden the ability of registered charities to engage in political activities in support of their charitable purposes, while maintaining an absolute prohibition on partisan political activities. We believe that our recommendations would preserve the ability of the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to meet its regulatory objectives. The Report calls for changes to the current administrative and legislative framework governing what is currently termed “political activities” of charities, namely: the policy and administration of the provisions of the Income Tax Act (ITA) relating to charities, under the jurisdiction of the CRA; and the ITA, falling under the jurisdiction of the Department of Finance Canada.”


“Service excellence is a top priority for the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). Canadians deserve high-quality services delivered in a way that makes them feel respected and valued. Budget 2016 proposes $185.8 million over five years, starting in 2016–17, and $14.6 million ongoing for the CRA to address the Government’s commitments to service excellence through a number of initiatives. […] Pertaining to rules governing charities and their political activities, the CRA, in consultation with the Department of Finance, will engage with charities through discussions with stakeholder groups and an online consultation to clarify the rules governing the political activities of charities.”

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