In office
Prime Minister
Liberal Party of Canada
2,031 days in office
42nd Parliament of Canada
03 Dec 2015 - 11 Sep 2019
43rd Parliament of Canada
05 Dec 2019 - Present

The 2019 Canadian federal election (formally the 43rd Canadian general election) was held on October 21, 2019 to elect members of the House of Commons to the 43rd Canadian Parliament.

The Liberal Party, led by incumbent Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, won 157 seats to form a minority government. The Liberals lost the majority government they had secured in the previous federal election in 2015. They also lost the popular vote to the Conservatives, which marks only the second time in Canadian history that a governing party formed a government while receiving less than 35 per cent of the national popular vote.

For an assessment of this government’s performance during its first mandate (2015-2019), see Birch and Pétry (2019), Bilan du gouvernement libéral de Justin Trudeau : 353 promesses et un mandat de changement, published by Les Presses de l’Université Laval.

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Promise History

1.12.03 - “We will negotiate a new Health Accord with provinces and territories, including a long-term agreement on funding.”


“Saskatchewan and the federal government have reached a health-care deal, allowing the province to get new federal money for home care and mental health, the federal government has announced.”


“Canada’s public healthcare system is a source of pride. The Government of Canada and the Governments of the Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon are committed to ensuring it is there to meet the needs of Canadian families.”


“Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador have joined New Brunswick in making bilateral deals with the federal government on health care transfers. In the deal, first reported by CBC News and confirmed by the federal government, both provinces accepted the Trudeau government’s offer of funding for home care and mental health services over the next decade.”


“Federal and provincial health ministers emerged from a day of tense talks in Toronto still at odds over the federal government’s planned cut to the annual increase in federal funding for health care.”


“The Government is committed to working in partnership with provinces and territories to negotiate a new multi-year health accord that will improve health care in Canada and boost health outcomes for all Canadians. The Minister of Health has begun discussions with her provincial and territorial counterparts to enhance the affordability and accessibility of prescription drugs, improve access to home care and mental health services, and support pan-Canadian innovation in the delivery of health services. As these discussions are ongoing, this budget provides immediate investments to support pan-Canadian progress on accord priorities in the form of support for innovations within the health care system. “


“Justin Trudeau has promised a new era, one in which provinces and territories get a lot more say over federal decisions and money than they have in years past. An era marked by collaboration and sunny ways — and lots of meetings. Now his health minister, Jane Philpott, will try to put that into practice as she sits down Thursday in Vancouver with her provincial and territorial peers. […] During the last election, the Liberals promised they would negotiate a new accord with a long-term agreement on funding. Philpott said before focusing on the amount of money at play, she wants to talk about how that money is spent: namely, finding agreement on priorities in health care and examining how the system can be improved.”

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