In office
Prime Minister
Liberal Party of Canada
2,260 days in office
42rd Parliament of Canada
03 Dec 2015 - 11 Sep 2019
43rd Parliament of Canada
05 Dec 2019 - 15 Aug 2021
44th Parliament of Canada
22 Nov 2021 - Present

The 2019 Canadian federal election (formally the 43rd Canadian general election) was held on October 21, 2019 to elect members of the House of Commons to the 43rd Canadian Parliament.

The Liberal Party, led by incumbent Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, won 157 seats to form a minority government. The Liberals lost the majority government they had secured in the previous federal election in 2015. They also lost the popular vote to the Conservatives, which marks only the second time in Canadian history that a governing party formed a government while receiving less than 35 per cent of the national popular vote.

For an assessment of this government’s performance during its first mandate (2015-2019), see Birch and Pétry (2019), Bilan du gouvernement libéral de Justin Trudeau : 353 promesses et un mandat de changement, published by Les Presses de l’Université Laval.

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Promise History

2.01.12 - “[W]e will move forward with […] rapid-response capabilities [in Canada’s North].”

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“Budget 2021 proposes to provide $163.4 million over five years, starting in 2021-22, with $111.1 million in remaining amortization, to support NORAD modernization. This investment would lay the groundwork for NORAD’s future, including through research and development of cutting-edge technologies that can detect and defend against threats to the continent. Budget 2021 also proposes to provide $88.8 million over five years, starting in 2021-22, with $48.7 million in remaining amortization and $0.6 million per year ongoing, to sustain existing continental and Arctic defence capability.”

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“Since the launch of the Indigenous Community Support Fund in the spring, the government has provided $685 million to help First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities, as well as Indigenous communities and organizations serving Indigenous peoples, to provide a wide variety of support. These include programs that help elders and vulnerable community members, address food insecurity and support measures that help prevent the spread of COVID-19.”

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“Operation NANOOK consists of the following: […] NANOOK NUNALIVUT – integrates multinational partners in a combined-joint land domain defence and security exercise in the High Arctic. […] Planning is ongoing for Operation NANOOK 2020, which will likely include the following activities: […] NANOOK NUNALIVUT 20 – which will hone and demonstrate the abilities of the Canadian Armed Forces to operate in the High Arctic.”

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« Plus de 115 militaires du Groupe compagnie d’intervention dans l’Arctique (GCIA) de la 2e Division du Canada sont récemment revenus de Rankin Inlet, au Nunavut, où ils ont participé à l’opération NANOOK-NUNALIVUT 2020 (Op NA-NU 20) du premier au huit mars afin de mettre à l’épreuve leurs compétences spécialisées dans le domaine arctique et pour réaffirmer leur capacité d’opérer dans le Grand Nord. […] Le GCIA est un groupe spécialisé composé de réservistes, qui sont des militaires à temps partiel, volontaires pour servir dans le Grand Nord. Son mandat est d’intervenir rapidement pour des opérations domestiques. »

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Started tracking on: 05-Dec-2019

Reference Documents

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