In office
Prime Minister
Liberal Party of Canada
2,031 days in office
42nd Parliament of Canada
03 Dec 2015 - 11 Sep 2019
43rd Parliament of Canada
05 Dec 2019 - Present

The 2019 Canadian federal election (formally the 43rd Canadian general election) was held on October 21, 2019 to elect members of the House of Commons to the 43rd Canadian Parliament.

The Liberal Party, led by incumbent Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, won 157 seats to form a minority government. The Liberals lost the majority government they had secured in the previous federal election in 2015. They also lost the popular vote to the Conservatives, which marks only the second time in Canadian history that a governing party formed a government while receiving less than 35 per cent of the national popular vote.

For an assessment of this government’s performance during its first mandate (2015-2019), see Birch and Pétry (2019), Bilan du gouvernement libéral de Justin Trudeau : 353 promesses et un mandat de changement, published by Les Presses de l’Université Laval.

In partnership with

Promise History

1.08.03 - “We will establish a free, online service for learning and retaining English and French as second languages.”


“We are looking at innovative ways to reach our bilingualism target. As such, the Action Plan includes $16.5 million over five years to create and maintain a free mobile application for Canadians to learn and retain English and French as second languages. The application will be developed primarily for adult learners, including new Canadians, but may also be useful to young Canadians. The application will feature Canadian content and Canadian ways of speaking.”


“The Liberal Party promised during the election campaign to create a “free, online service for learning and retaining English and French as second languages,” something the federal government is currently working on, according to an emailed statement from Heritage Canada spokesperson Simon Rivet.”


“Mr. Paul Lefebvre: […] The first point is the multi-year official languages plan. The second point is establishing a free, online service for learning and retaining English and French as second languages. […] Our committee could certainly review those points and help move things forward. It could check to see what the department is doing. We could hear from witnesses who are likely to help us with that.”

Not yet rated
Started tracking on: 03-Dec-2015
Developed in partnership with