In office
Prime Minister
Liberal Party of Canada
2,943 days in office
42nd Parliament of Canada
03 Dec 2015 - 11 Sep 2019
43rd Parliament of Canada
05 Dec 2019 - 15 Aug 2021
44th Parliament of Canada
22 Nov 2021 - Present

The Canadian federal election of 2021 (officially the 44th Canadian general election) took place on September 20, 2021, and elected members of the House of Commons to Canada’s 44th Parliament. The Liberal Party, led by outgoing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, won 160 seats, forming a second consecutive minority government.

The Trudeau government had originally made 569 promises in its 2021 campaign platform and press releases. This number was reduced to 352 by an extensive, multi-coder process of sorting promises according to their degree of precision and importance to society. Unclear and less important promises were removed from the analysis.

For an analysis of the achievements of Justin Trudeau’s first government (2015-2019), see Birch and Pétry (2019), Assessing Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Government. 353 promises and a mandate for change, published by Les Presses de l’Université Laval.

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Promise History

3.01.24 - “A re-elected Liberal government will: Work with the United States to modernize NORAD, including by upgrading the North Warning System, deploying new technological solutions to improve surveillance and monitoring, improving command and control systems, and investing in the infrastructure and capabilities necessary to deter and defeat threats to North America.”

Published: Nov 2021
Partially kept

“During his two-day visit, Biden will address Parliament. Many issues are on the agenda, including trade ties, the war in Ukraine, NORAD modernization and the defense of the North American continent, and the crisis in Haiti.””

Partially kept

“Canada is resolute in our defence of the North American continent, especially in the far North. Crucial to this effort is Canada’s partnership with the United States under NORAD. // In Budget 2021, the government committed $252.2 million over five years to sustain existing continental and Arctic defence capabilities, and to lay the groundwork for NORAD’s future. In August 2021, a joint statement between Canada and the United States established the priorities for modernizing NORAD. // The government is currently considering options to fulfill this commitment through significant investments in the following areas: // Advanced all-domain surveillance and intelligence; // Modernized command,control, and communications; // Improved capabilities to deter and defeat threats; and, // Increased research, development, and innovation.”

Partially kept

“$252 million over five years, with $160 million in remaining amortization, to lay the groundwork for North American Aerospace Defence Command (NORAD) modernization and sustain existing continental and Arctic defence capabilities”

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Started tracking on: 22-Nov-2021

Forward. For Everyone.

Published: Nov 2021
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