In office
Prime Minister
Liberal Party of Canada
2,943 days in office
42nd Parliament of Canada
03 Dec 2015 - 11 Sep 2019
43rd Parliament of Canada
05 Dec 2019 - 15 Aug 2021
44th Parliament of Canada
22 Nov 2021 - Present

The Canadian federal election of 2021 (officially the 44th Canadian general election) took place on September 20, 2021, and elected members of the House of Commons to Canada’s 44th Parliament. The Liberal Party, led by outgoing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, won 160 seats, forming a second consecutive minority government.

The Trudeau government had originally made 569 promises in its 2021 campaign platform and press releases. This number was reduced to 352 by an extensive, multi-coder process of sorting promises according to their degree of precision and importance to society. Unclear and less important promises were removed from the analysis.

For an analysis of the achievements of Justin Trudeau’s first government (2015-2019), see Birch and Pétry (2019), Assessing Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Government. 353 promises and a mandate for change, published by Les Presses de l’Université Laval.

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Promise History

3.10.110 - “To close the gaps in housing and mental health care for Indigenous communities, a re-elected Liberal government will further invest $2 billion over four years in housing for First Nations, Inuit, and Métis Nation partners, with over half of the funding being made available by the upcoming summer construction season. This would include $360 million over four years to support Inuit-specific housing needs across Inuit Nunangat.”

Partially kept

This investment of $17 million will greatly help many Aboriginal families. It’s another definite step forward in the federal promise.

“This investment will make a concrete difference in the lives of many families in Liard First Nation, Ross River Dena Council, and the White River First Nation. Quality and appropriate housing is critical to our well-being. It is also essential for children to have a fair chance of success. These projects have been led by First Nations since the beginning, and they have worked tirelessly to get the houses built during a challenging time. The Federal Government will be at every First Nations’ side as they take the lead to build more homes.”

Partially kept

The first part of the investment promise has been fulfilled. However, information is lacking on specific support for the Inuit of Inuit Nunangat.

“Budget 2022 committed $4 billion to support housing for First Nations on reserves, Inuit, Métis and First Nations Self-Governing and Modern Treaty communities. Today’s announcement includes an additional $281.5 million to support housing in urban, rural and northern Indigenous communities, which is to be distributed through the National Indigenous Collaborative Housing Incorporated. // Budget 2023 provided for an additional $4 billion, over seven years, starting in 2024-25, to implement a co-developed Urban, Rural, and Northern Indigenous Housing Strategy led by the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. This will allow for longer term conversations and strategies around housing between the Government of Canada and partners, including National Indigenous Organizations and grassroots organizations.”

Partially kept

“Today, the Honourable Dominic LeBlanc, Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities, and the Honourable Don McMorris, Saskatchewan Minister of Government Relations, announced more than $19.7 million in joint funding for 25 infrastructure projects across the province.// The center will serve as a land-based Aboriginal teaching and learning facility. It will include overnight facilities such as cabins, showers and washrooms, a lodge with a kitchen, water and wastewater infrastructure, as well as a permanent sweat lodge structure and an outdoor learning center. // This project will include refurbishing its roof for increased durability and replacing the heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems to reduce the building’s carbon footprint.” (Traduction)”

Partially kept

“Today, the Honourable Marc Miller, Minister of Crown−Indigenous Relations, announced that $124.5 million from Budget 2022 will support work underway by the Métis Nation Housing Strategy, which is implemented through Métis provincial partners and their institutions across the Homeland. Minister Miller made the announcement at the 50th anniversary of the Back to Batoche Métis gathering.”

Partially kept

“Building on these investments, Budget 2022 proposes to provide a further $4 billion over seven years, starting in 2022-23, to Indigenous Services Canada and Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada to accelerate work in closing Indigenous housing gaps as follows: $2.4 billion over five years to support First Nations housing on reserves; $565 million over five years to support housing in First Nations SelfGoverning and Modern Treaty Holders communities; $845 million over seven years to support housing in Inuit communities; and $190 million over seven years for housing in Métis communities.”

Reference Documents

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