In office
Prime Minister
Liberal Party of Canada
2,943 days in office
42nd Parliament of Canada
03 Dec 2015 - 11 Sep 2019
43rd Parliament of Canada
05 Dec 2019 - 15 Aug 2021
44th Parliament of Canada
22 Nov 2021 - Present

The Canadian federal election of 2021 (officially the 44th Canadian general election) took place on September 20, 2021, and elected members of the House of Commons to Canada’s 44th Parliament. The Liberal Party, led by outgoing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, won 160 seats, forming a second consecutive minority government.

The Trudeau government had originally made 569 promises in its 2021 campaign platform and press releases. This number was reduced to 352 by an extensive, multi-coder process of sorting promises according to their degree of precision and importance to society. Unclear and less important promises were removed from the analysis.

For an analysis of the achievements of Justin Trudeau’s first government (2015-2019), see Birch and Pétry (2019), Assessing Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Government. 353 promises and a mandate for change, published by Les Presses de l’Université Laval.

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Promise History

3.10.79 - “A re-elected Liberal government will be […] [c]ontinuing to work in partnership with First Nations on addressing climate change, specifically in tracking the impacts of climate change on their traditional lands and waters and charting collaborative strategies forward.”

Published: Nov 2021
In progress

The key objectives are to combat climate change while creating a partnership between the federal government, the government of British Columbia and First Nations. However, the agreement does not propose to track the impacts of climate change.

“Objectives in Four Key Areas // The Tripartite Framework Agreement on Nature Conservation includes objectives for protection in four key areas: Habitat and Ecosystem Conservation and Protection // Habitat Enhancement and Restoration // Species at Risk Protection and Recovery // Foundational Knowledge and Information Sharing”

In progress

“Today, the governments of Canada and British Columbia (B.C.), and the First Nations Leadership Council (FNLC) signed a first of its kind, tripartite framework agreement to protect and conserve biodiversity, habitats, and species at risk in the province. […] The Framework Agreement enables Canada, BC, and First Nations to jointly identify tangible projects and investments that will help to halt or reverse biodiversity loss and create more resilient landscapes in the face of increasing risk of wildfire, flood and drought.”

In progress

“This call for concept notes is part of Canada’s $5.3 billion international climate finance commitment. Within the $5.3 billion, $315 million has been allocated to the Partnering for Climate initiative, which aims to leverage the climate action expertise and commitment of organizations in Canada. Of the $315 million, $15 million has been earmarked over 5 years to fund projects that support climate action priorities of Indigenous Peoples. // Indigenous leadership and knowledge are essential to address climate change: Indigenous Peoples have unique cultures and ways of relating to people and the environment. This call emphasizes the importance of Indigenous climate leadership and seeks to foster partnerships between Indigenous Peoples that build the climate resilience of Indigenous Peoples in developing countries. // This call for concept notes is for overarching projects led by Indigenous organizations in Canada, non-Indigenous organizations in Canada with strong connections with Indigenous Peoples in Canada, and/or partnerships between the 2 kinds of organization.”

In progress

“Today, in the spirit of partnership and in recognition of First Nations Climate Leadership, the First Nations–Canada Joint Committee on Climate Action (JCCA) released its fourth annual report to the Prime Minister and the National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations. The JCCA provides a unique opportunity for federal and First Nations representatives to work together to develop and implement a model of partnership for climate action to grow an inclusive, clean, and prosperous future together. // First Nations are uniquely and disproportionately affected by climate change. They are experiencing an increase in threats caused by wildfires, permafrost thaw, changing wildlife patterns, diminishing access to traditional food sources, and flooding. First Nations’ knowledge systems, self-determination, and rights must be woven into all federal climate policy and program development as their experiences and knowledge related to the environment and climate change are diverse and unique.”

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“That is why Indigenous climate leadership, through a strong nation-to-nation, Inuit-Crown, and governmentto-government relationship is a cornerstone of Canada’s 2020 strengthened climate plan. As announced in the 2030 Emissions Reduction Plan, Budget 2022 proposes to provide $29.6 million over three years, starting in 2022-23, to Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada to support the co-development of an Indigenous Climate Leadership Agenda to support self-determined action in addressing Indigenous peoples’ climate priorities. The funding will also support the phased implementation of distinctionsbased climate strategies.”

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Started tracking on: 22-Nov-2021

Forward. For Everyone

Published: Nov 2021
Developed in partnership with