In office
Prime Minister
Liberal Party of Canada
2,943 days in office
42nd Parliament of Canada
03 Dec 2015 - 11 Sep 2019
43rd Parliament of Canada
05 Dec 2019 - 15 Aug 2021
44th Parliament of Canada
22 Nov 2021 - Present

The Canadian federal election of 2021 (officially the 44th Canadian general election) took place on September 20, 2021, and elected members of the House of Commons to Canada’s 44th Parliament. The Liberal Party, led by outgoing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, won 160 seats, forming a second consecutive minority government.

The Trudeau government had originally made 569 promises in its 2021 campaign platform and press releases. This number was reduced to 352 by an extensive, multi-coder process of sorting promises according to their degree of precision and importance to society. Unclear and less important promises were removed from the analysis.

For an analysis of the achievements of Justin Trudeau’s first government (2015-2019), see Birch and Pétry (2019), Assessing Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Government. 353 promises and a mandate for change, published by Les Presses de l’Université Laval.

In partnership with

Promise History

3.10.98 - “A re-elected Liberal government will […] [be f]ully implementing An Act respecting the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and codeveloping the Action Plan to achieve the objectives of the Declaration.”

Published: Nov 2021
Partially kept

“There is much more work still to be done. This process is ongoing and will continue in partnership with First Nations, Inuit, and Métis as the best path toward better outcomes for all.”

Partially kept

The action plan was drawn up in collaboration with the government, but we’ll have to wait and see whether the government implements the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act in full.

“The Government of Canada is committed to implementing the measures identified in this action plan, which outlines a whole of government roadmap for advancing reconciliation with Indigenous peoples through a renewed, nation-to-nation, government-to-government, and Inuit-Crown relationship based on recognition of rights, respect, cooperation, and partnership as the foundation for transformative change. It is important to emphasize that the action plan is not intended to be a comprehensive or restrictive set of actions to be taken by the federal government and Indigenous peoples to implement the UN Declaration. Rather, it will be an evergreen document that will allow for responsiveness to new priorities that emerge over time. The measures identified in the action plan are in areas where there were emerging trends or similarities in proposals among Indigenous peoples on priorities and key actions required to advance implementation of the UN Declaration Act.”

Partially kept

« Natan Obed, président de l’Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, a souligné que “le gouvernement a travaillé avec nous pour implanter des mesures qui vont améliorer les droits des Autochtones. C’est une preuve de réconciliation. Nos droits méritent la même protection que les droits des autres Canadiens”. // Cassidy Caron, la présidente du Ralliement national des Métis, s’est quant à elle réjouie de cette annonce, indiquant être “optimiste pour que ce document dévoilé aujourd’hui transforme la société canadienne. C’est un outil puissant”. // RoseAnne Archibald, présidente de l’Assemblée des Premières Nations (APN), a souligné que “100 % des Premières Nations ne sont pas d’accord avec la DNUDPA, mais la majorité d’entre elles ont soutenu ce processus”. »

In progress

“In addition, Budget 2023 proposes to provide $11.4 million over three years, starting in 2023-24, to Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada to engage with Indigenous communities and to update the federal guidelines for federal officials to fulfil the Crown’s duty to consult Indigenous peoples and accommodate impacts on their rights. This will support the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act and provide more clarity on how the government will proceed to ensure an effective and efficient whole-of-government approach to consultation and accommodation.”

In progress

The action plan should be presented by June 2023.

“The Act requires the Government to work in consultation and cooperation with Indigenous peoples to take necessary measures to ensure federal laws are consistent with the Declaration, and to develop an action plan to achieve its objectives. Collaborating with First Nations, Inuit and Métis on an action plan is an opportunity to put in place concrete measures to address injustices, combat prejudice and eliminate all forms of violence, racism and discrimination, including systemic racism and discrimination. […] As articulated in the Act, the timeline to develop an action plan is exactly 2 years from when the Act came into force: by June 2023. Proposals should take into consideration this timeframe within their proposal and workplan in order to ensure they identify how they will be capturing key elements and areas of focus to be highlighted and included in the action plan.”

Not yet rated
Started tracking on: 22-Nov-2021

Forward. For Everyone

Published: Nov 2021

Reference Documents

“Whereas the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples provides a framework for reconciliation, healing and peace, as well as harmonious and cooperative relations based on the principles of justice, democracy, respect for human rights, non-discrimination and good faith;”

Developed in partnership with